Determine what kind of material you are citing from the website
When determining whether to cite as a website (site) or a webpage (page), first ask yourself what kind of material you are using from the site: for example, is it a newspaper article, journal or magazine article, report or book chapter? If so, use the rules for citing those categories of works, not the website itself - the website will be noted in the link you include in your reference list entry.
For example, if you have a PDF document, it should include information about the publication that the article came from.
It's not unusual to have missing elements such as authors, dates, etc.
Authors and dates may be missing or difficult to determine.
(APA, 2020, pp. 350-351)
Refer to APA's Missing Reference Information page for a comprehensive table with information on how to address missing elements.
When the group author and the site name (aka organization responsible for the site) are the same, omit the site name from the citation before the URL. If different, list the site name between the website title and the URL.
Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. (n.d.). Governance. https://pwias.ubc.ca/about-us/governance
Parenthetical in-text citation: (Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, n.d.)
Narrative in-text citation: Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies (n.d.)
(APA, 2020, p. 351)
Cavanagh, K., & Kornya, M. (2018, April 25). Heart disease in cats. Canadian Veterinary Medical Association. https://www.canadianveterinarians.net/documents/heart-disease-in-cats
Parenthetical in-text citation: (Cavanagh & Kornya, 2018)
Narrative in-text citation: Cavanagh and Kornya (2018)
Articles on these sites are only posted to the site, not within a specific issue of a print newspaper reproduced online or online news magazine (refer to the Articles page in this guide for examples of these).
You do not need to include the database name if you retrieved the full-text from a major academic database - for example, Globe and Mail Breaking News is available in Factiva.
EXAMPLE - News site, online only
Matassa-Fung, D. (2019, November 28). UBC Okanagan study finds dogs boost literacy in young students. Global News. https://globalnews.ca/news/6230541/ubc-okanagan-study-dogs-boost-literacy-students/
Parenthetical in-text citation: (Matassa-Fung, 2019)
Narrative in-text citation: Matassa-Fung (2019)
Some news sites may have both articles published in an overarching publication, and online-only news articles. For example, The Globe and Mail or Financial Times. The citation format is basically the same, but include the site name in title case: Author. (Date). Title. Site Name. URL.
EXAMPLE - News site, also publishes daily newspaper, specific section for online news
Nellis, S. (April 15, 2020). Apple releases budget-conscious $399 iPhone SE as coronavirus stalls economy. The Globe and Mail Report on Business. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/business/international-business/us-business/article-apple-releases-budget-iphone-se-priced-at-399-as-coronavirus-stalls/
Parenthetical in-text citation: (Nellis, 2019)
Narrative in-text citation: Nellis (2019)