Personal communications refer to sources of information that cannot be recovered by the reader such as a book, article, video etc.
Examples of Personal Communications:
Citing Personal Communications In-Text:
"Because readers cannot retrieve the information in personal communications, personal communication are not included in the reference list: they are cited in the text only. Give the initial(s) and surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible" (APA, 2020, p. 260).
Parenthetical in-text citation: (G. Grinnell, personal communication, September 18, 2019)
Narrative in-text citation: G. Grinnell (personal communication, September 18, 2019)
(APA, 2020, p. 260)