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APA Citation Style Guide

This guide will support you in creating common citation formats in the APA (American Psychological Association) Style - 7th edition.

Quick tips

When citing class notes and lectures for a course paper, refer the reader to the learning management system login or course website home page (APA, 2020, p. 347). 

If the paper is to be published more widely, and the audience will not be able to access the site where the original sources are hosted, cite the materials as personal communications (APA, 2020, pp. 260-261).

If citing a published article that has been posted to Canvas, cite it as an article, not as a course resource. Do not include a link; readers will have enough information from your citation to find the article in a database (APA, 2020, pp. 296-297).

  • If your Instructor has not provided complete citation information, please consult with them to retrieve these details before citing. 

Lecture slides or notes

Include the instructor name, month and day, and title of lecture, with the format in square brackets (e.g. [PowerPoint slides], [Word document], [PDF file]).

If the lecture doesn't have a title, create a descriptive title, and put it in square brackets (e.g. [Lecture notes on...]).

Use the name of the learning management system and the URL to the login page.


Davis, J. (2019, October 10). Inventory management systems [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas.

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Davis, 2019)

Narrative in-text citation: Davis (2019)

(APA, 2020, p. 347)

Custom published course materials

For custom course packs:

  • cite the chapter or article as if it is a chapter in an edited book (refer to p. 326 of the Publication Manual)
  • the author will be the author of the material, not the course instructor. Add the course instructor who compiled the material as the editor (after the title of the article or chapter you're citing, e.g. In First Initial, Last Name, (Ed.)
  • the title of the course pack follows the editor, in italics
  • include the publisher, which may be University of British Columbia or a commercial press.

Refer to the APA Style website for guidance and examples: Classroom Course Pack Material References