Skip to Main Content


Need Help?

To arrange for a systematic or scoping review consultation, please complete this Consult Request form.

Systematic Review workshops are offered regularly - please check the events calendar for the next offering.

For more information on how UBC Librarians can support your systematic or scoping review project, please see How we Can Help.

Deciding between a Systematic or a Literature Review?  Check out this description of the differences in their stages and processes.

Self-Guided Tutorials

Search Strategy Methodology

Scoping Reviews

Knowledge translation

The translation of research evidence into practice, can sometimes take a very long time.

"In 1601 on a voyage from England to India, Capt James Lancaster gave three teaspoons of lemon juice per person daily on one of his four ships. Halfway through the journey, 40 percent of the crew from the ships who did not get juice died of scurvy; no crew members died of scurvy on the ship that received juice.

Yet practice was not changed.

In 1753 James Lind, a ship's surgeon, published A Treatise of the Scurvy, one of the earliest accounts of a prospective clinical trial, comparing six scurvy treatments.

But practice did not change.

Other rations of juices were tested and provided, but it was not until 1865 that the British Board of trade mandated citrus fruit for all merchant marine vessels. Finally, practice was fully implemented."

Joshi, M. (2009). 264 years is too long. Hospitals & Health Networks, 83(3), 52.

  • Diffusion of Innovation (MeSH)
  • Translational Medical Research (MeSH)
  • Implementation Science (emerging field - no MeSH)

MeSH terms for Qualitative Research

To help you find qualitative research in PubMed consider these terms:

  • Questionnaires
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Program Evaluation
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Focus Groups
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Qualitative Research