A systematic review is one of the main types of evidence synthesis. Their goal is to identify, select, and critically appraise the available literature to answer a focused and well-formulated question.
Systematic reviews are known for being:
Key Components of a Systematic Review
Kysh, L. (2013). Difference between a systematic review and a literature review [Figshare]. doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.766364
PRISMA 2020 - the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
PRISMA is the most common reporting guideline in health and allied disciplines for systematic reviews. They offer the following direction for completing a systematic review:
PRISMA has also produced an extension that focuses on the creation of scoping reviews. The following documents outline the PRISMA-ScR guideline:
Arksey, H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616
This is another common example you will see being used in scoping reviews as a reporting guideline. It has been used by many to build newer guidelines as well (including PRISMA-ScR), but is still used and considered to be current today.
There are many other guidelines used in other disciplines, some of which may intersect with social work topics.
If you're not sure if another guideline might fit better, try consulting the EQUATOR Network for a more fulsome list of alternatives.