Writing a review should come naturally, if you've kept detailed notes on each of your steps.
Having a thorough and well documented search strategy will help you to write your methods quickly and efficiently to ensure you don't miss anything. The notes you keep along the way for reasons articles were selected to answer your question will help you piece together themes and results for your review. The more you know about the process you took and the articles you included (and excluded), the easier it will be to address limitations and future areas of research.
It can be helpful to read through other reviews to get an idea of how certain sections are meant to sound. For example, please consult the What is Evidence Synthesis? tab in this guide for good examples of methods sections in systematic reviews, scoping reviews, and literature reviews. Remember - you are meant to base your group assignment on the format of a systematic review.
The following tabs in this box are meant to provide some extra tips when you go to write your final group assignment. They are meant to add to the guidelines provided in your syllabus. The earlier your group can start, the more time you'll have to write a transparent and thorough review.
When writing the Introduction or Background section of your review, there are a few things to remember:
You will often see reviews detail how their question was built. For this section of your review, remember to include:
Since reviews are meant to be transparent and able to be replicated, the Methods section is one of the most crucial parts. You want to remember the following when writing your methods:
When reviewing other methods sections in review articles you'll quickly notice this is often one of the worst written sections. As much as researchers use standardized reporting guidelines these days, such as PRISMA, they still leave a lot up to interpretation and this can lead authors to omit or forget about a lot of details.
One handy tip - write your methods section as you go - so what your group did is fresh in your mind.
Tables and Figures allow you to visualize not only your process, but also the analyses and findings. With systematic reviews, you often see similar visualizations, such as:
For more examples of ways to visualize data in a review, check out the Cochrane Handbook Chapter 12..3 Visual Display and Presentation of the Data.
The Future Implications section of your review gives you the opportunity to think about your topic from a variety of angles. Beyond the areas outlined in your syllabus, try thinking about:
The Conclusions section of a review is your chance to relate all that you have found and pieced together back to your question. Without this connection, your conclusion can read as being disconnected from the rest of your review.
Remember, that while this might be the last piece of your review that your group writes, it is meant to close off your train of thought and the research that you did. Don't gloss over writing this section, or assume it can be short and sweet. Without the connection back to your question you can lose your reader and the impact you are trying to make with your work in the review.
Appendices offer the opportunity to share any more detailed information that you couldn't fit in the body of your review. These are meant to allow you to focus your writing in the review, but also share with your readers all that is necessary to understand what you did to complete your review. Think about including the following in your Appendices section:
If additional support is needed in writing your group assignment, you may book online appointments with the Centre for Scholarly Communication.
NOTE - group bookings are not an option in the system. One group member would need to make an appointment with a note stating that it will be for a group.
Quick Style Guide:
Because we are all working in an online environment, and you may not have access to the full APA Publication Manual's new 7th Edition, please use the UBC Library's APA 7th Edition Quick Guide.
The following link is available in case you are looking to borrow a physical copy of the guide from the Library.