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MLA 9th Edition Citation Style Guide

Quick tips

Determine what kind of material you are citing from the website

When determining how to cite web sources, you need to first ask yourself what kind of material you are using. For example, is it a newspaper article, journal or magazine article, report or book chapter? If so, use the rules for citing those works, not the website itself.

It's not unusual to have missing elements such as authors, dates, etc.

Authors and dates may be missing or difficult to determine.

  • Check the acknowledgements or About page of the site for its authors.
  • Groups, companies or organizations can also be used as authors; if the name of the corporate author is the same as the name of the website, you do not need to include the website name.

Webpage with group or corporate author


Governance. Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, Accessed 11 Aug. 2021. 

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Governance)

Narrative in-text citation: Governance

Webpage with individual author


Cavanagh, Kathleen, and Kornya, Mathew. "Heart disease in cats." Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, 25 Apr. 2018,

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Cavanagh and Kornya)

Narrative in-text citation: Cavanagh and Kornya 

Webpage on a news site

EXAMPLE - News site, online 

Matassa-Fung, Darrian. "UBC Okanagan study finds dogs boost literacy in young students." Global News, 28 Nov. 2019,

Parenthetical in-text citation: (Matassa-Fung)

Narrative in-text citation: Matassa-Fung