Chicago differs from other citation styles in that it treats social media and website citations as similar to personal communication. As such, website citations normally appear only as an in-text citation, or in the notes. Websites are only cited in the bibliography if there are no notes used. In this guide, additional citation examples are provided, as students often seek to cite all sources in the notes and bibliography.
A note or bibliography citation should include as many of the following elements as possible. If an element is unavailable, skip that element:
In a shortened note include the website owner's last name or sponsor's full title, as well as a shortened version of the web page or web site.
In a full note, include all of the citation details with elements of the citation separated by commas rather than periods.
In the bibliography, invert the first author's name, so that the last name appears first. Organize the bibliography by the author's last names. If it is a corporate or organization website, arrange alphabetically in the bibliography list, by the name (Ex. Government of Canada). Separate elements of the citation by periods instead of commas. Include the full page range of the article.
In the text of your paper, even when using notes and bibliography style, cite social media as an in-text citation if there is limited use of the source.
Sample sentence for Website citation (shown with Note #10 below): The Bio page on Ibram X. Kendi's website details his impressive academic publication record and provides insight into his personal life.
Follow Notes and Bibliography examples only if item is used frequently or the source is examined extensively
10. Kendi, "Bio."
10. "Bio," Ibram X. Kendi (website), accessed June 29, 2020, https://www.ibramxkendi.com/about.
Kendi, Ibram X. "Bio." Ibram X. Kendi (website). Accessed June 29, 2020. https://www.ibramxkendi.com/about.