The use of the term and who chooses to identify as Métis/Metis is not always agreed upon, and remains a contentious issue. Be aware of this when writing about the Métis.
In general, 'Métis/Metis' with the capital 'M' refers to Indigenous People who emerged during the fur trade from the intermarriage of people of European and Indigenous descent. These people tended to coalesce around the Red River, and were at the heart of the Red River Resistance of 1897-70 and the Riel Resistance of 1885. The Métis who lived here were both French-speaking and English-speaking.
'métis/metis' with the lowercase 'm' is sometimes used to refer to people of mixed Indigenous and non-Indigenous descent who do not claim kinship ties from the historic Red River region.
Historically, the English speaking Métis at Red River sometimes were referred to and referred to themselves as Half-breeds, although this term is no longer in contemporary use. In addition, some Métis, particularly in Alberta and Saskatchewan, referred to themselves as Road Allowance People, which references the Road Allowance period following the Riel Resistance.
As a noun, Métis can be plural or singular. For example:
It can also be used as an adjective. For example:
Here are a selection of books that deal with Métis Identity
The Métis Resistances
In accordance with Principle 17 of Elements of Indigenous Style, the appropriate terms for the events in the history of the Métis and Canada in 1869-70 and 1885 are the Red River Resistance and the Riel Resistance.
Avoid the use of the term Rebellion, which is incorrect for a number of reasons: