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Indigenous Citation Guide

Questions, comments, concerns?

This guide is a work in progress. Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have any questions, suggestions, comments, or concerns. 

Reach out to Sajni Lacey, Learning and Curriculum Support Librarian, or Christian Isbister, Indigenous Initiatives Librarian,


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Christian Isbister
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Why this guide?

Citation styles, including the dominant three at UBC (APA, MLA, and Chicago) are heavily based on colonial conceptions and supremacy of colonial voices and knowledge systems. You can learn more about decolonizing citations and the politics of citations in this excellent video by Bronwen McKie. 

This guide is an attempt to support learners in crafting citations that reflect, respect, and honours Indigenous Knowledge. Any integration of Indigenous Knowledge or Teachings from Elders or Knowledge Keepers must be done in accordance with appropriate community protocol. If you are not sure of the protocol, please ask them in advance of using that knowledge in your work. 

Indigenous Citation and Style Guides

Indigenous Citation and Style Guides

Other Relevant Guides