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APSC 261/262 - Technology and Society

Evaluating Sources

No matter where you get your information, you need to make sure you critically evaluate each source to ensure it’s appropriate for your research! Many publications have a particular bias or agenda, which may not be obvious at first glance.

Here are a few criteria that could help you in your evaluation:


  • What are the author's credentials and affiliation?
  • Who publishes the information?


  • Based on what you already know about the topic or from reading other sources, does the information seem credible?
  • Does the author cite other sources in a reference list or bibliography, to support the information presented?


  • Is the source at an appropriate comprehension or research level?

There are other criteria to consider as well, such as currency, objectivity, and purpose. For more information, see UBC Library’s Evaluating Information Sources.

Citation Styles

Citing sources requires giving credit within your paper, usually at the end of the sentence, as well as in a list of References at the end of the document. UBC Library provides a guide for the most commonly cited sources:

RefWorks and other Citation Management software

Using citation management software can save you time and effort, however, it is rarely 100% accurate

  • RefWorks is a piece of software for citation management that is provided by UBC Library
  • Within Summon, you can also create an citation by clicking on the " symbol next to each article
  • Mendeley and Zotero are two other citation management options.