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APSC 261/262 - Technology and Society

SIFT (The Four Moves)

                infographic of SIFT


"SIFT (The Four Moves)" by Mike Caulfield, re-used and adapted under CC BY 4.0

 There are four moves to help you evaluate information you find on a website. Using the Library search, Summon, helps find research articles, books and more to help verify information.



  1. Stop. Do you know the website or where the information is coming from? Can you verify the claims in the website? Before you click "share" make sure you have verified the information.
  2. Investigate the Source. Who is providing the information? What is their level of expertise? Do they have an agenda that might influence what is said and how the information is presented? Using the Library search, Summon, can help verify the information and provide multiple reliable sources.
  3. Find Better Coverage. Look into multiple sources that can help verify the claim. What are the experts saying about the topic? Where else has the story been covered?
  4. Trace claims, quotes, and media back to the original context. Trace the claim you find on social media, or a news clip, or a website you land on back to the source to get the context for the claim. 


Citation Styles

Citing sources requires giving credit within your paper, usually at the end of the sentence, as well as in a list of References at the end of the document. UBC Library provides a guide for the most commonly cited sources:

RefWorks and other Citation Management software

Using citation management software can save you time and effort, however, it is rarely 100% accurate

  • RefWorks is a piece of software for citation management that is provided by UBC Library
  • Within Summon, you can also create an citation by clicking on the " symbol next to each article
  • Mendeley and Zotero are two other citation management options.