This guide is intended to be a living document to give guidance on finding sources related to specific Indigenous nations and communities. It will be updated regularly and does not detail all the ways to find nation-specific sources, rather, it is a starting point for research.
Please feel free to come to the branch or contact us directly for further research help at firstname.lastname@example.org
The UBC Library system does not recognize many non-Roman orthographies, like syllabics or the International Phonetic Alphabet. If searching for information on xʷməθkʷəy̓əm, search Musqueam.
Accents and macrons are not required for searching.
When searching, you may need to try multiple search terms to find information about a particular nation or community. Names of communities change over time and can vary across groups, and there may also be spelling variations for language or community names. The First Nations, Métis, Inuit - Indigenous Ontology (FNMIIO) is a helpful resource for finding different naming variations.
See the Terminoloy tab of our First Nations and Indigenous Studies guide for more information.
If you find a good article: Take note of the author. If they are writing about a specific nation, and particularly if they are from that community, they may have a master's thesis or dissertation that may also relate to your topic. You can search for them in institutional repositories such as UBC's cIRcle or directly in Summon.
Leq'a:mel OR Sumas OR Lackahahmen OR Lakahahmen OR Nicomen OR Squeam OR Skweahm OR Sto:lo
(Leq'a:mel OR Sumas OR Lackahahmen OR Lakahahmen OR Nicomen OR Squeam OR Skweahm OR Sto:lo) AND ("land management" OR "natural resource management" OR "climate change" OR conservation)
The goal when keyword searching is to find as many different possible names and spelling variations that can be used in your search.
For this example, we will be searching for resources related to the Stó:lō Nation.
Google is a valuable tool for finding related terms and keywords to use when searching for resources about a specific nation or community.
The BCAFN Website can be useful for gathering keywords and alternate names and spellings for a nation/community. For example, searching for keywords related to the Leq'a: mel First Nation:
These terms can act as keywords separated by 'OR' in your library or database search.
Summon is UBC Library's main search discovery tool. You can use Summon's advanced search options to search for resources related to specific nations or communities.
Note. To add a particular topic to your search, you can combine the above subject terms search with other keywords using the second search box in "Advanced Search".
To search through Summon using subject terms, it may be helpful to know what subject terms are used within the library's classification systems. See the sections in this guide on subject terms at Xwi7xwa Library and at UBC Libraries.
In addition to searching through Summon, you can search or browse for specific subject headings through the Basic Catalogue search.
Searching for Specific Nations/Communities through Xwi7xwa Library's Homepage:
Note: Each subject heading is assigned a type. In the example to the right, the type is "First Nations House of Learning Subject Headings". This means that these resources have been assigned as being about Musqueam according to subject headings at Xwi7xwa Library. If the type is listed as "LC Subject Headings", this means that you will be browsing sources according to subject headings used by all other UBC branches.
UBC Library uses Library of Congress (LC) subject headings to assign subjects to resources within the catalogue.
While we are part of UBC Library, wi7wa Library uses its own classification system and subject headings for the resources within our branch. wi7wa Library uses a locally developed classification system: the British Columbia variant of the Brian Deer Classification System.
The First Nations House of Learning Subject Headings describe many of the First Nations peoples on whose traditional territories British Columbia is located. It is a developing list, and will continue to be expanded and revised to best reflect the preferences of First Nations.
How to use the wi7wa Names for BC First Nations list:
There is no easy way to identify which terms UBC Libraries use as subject headings for resources related to specific nations and communities.
One way to do this is:
An example is below:
It is often more effective to conduct a keyword search. See the section below on Keyword Searching.
UBC cIRcle is UBC's Institutional Repository. It hosts open access (publicy-accessible) content including master's theses.
This is an excellent place to find nation- or community-specific resources, as many theses and dissertations are written on specific topics you may not find elsewhere.
How to Search: