The term knowledge organization systems is intended to encompass all types of schemes for organizing information and promoting knowledge management. Knowledge organization systems include classification schemes that organize materials at a general level (such as books on a shelf), subject headings that provide more detailed access, and authority files that control variant versions of key information (such as geographic names and personal names). They also include less-traditional schemes, such as semantic networks and ontologies. Because knowledge organization systems are mechanisms for organizing information, they are at the heart of every library, museum, and archive. (CLIR, Knowledge Organization Systems - An Overview)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 162 national standards bodies.
The ISO Standards provide specifications for products, services and systems, to ensure quality, safety and efficiency. These standards are used in many of the courses related to archival studies and records management.
To learn how to find ISO Standards at UBC Library, go to the ISO Standards Guide.
Library of Congress Classification
Print volumes - Z696 U5 [Class A-Z]
Online - Library of Congress Classification Schedules
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a number assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. There are 13 digit and 10 digit long ISBNs. The 13 digit ISBN is assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The 10 digit ISBN was assigned before 2007.
The International Standard Music Number (ISMN) is a number assigned to notated music publications, including a part, a score, etc. As of January 2008, the ISMN is a 13 digit number.