Title, Statute Source Designation | year (Session if applicable), chapter (Supplement), pinpoint if relevant.
Animal Pedigree Act, RSC 1985, c 8 (4th Supp), s 3.
This act is published as chapter 8 of the 4th Supplement of the 1985 Revised Statutes of Canada, and we are referring the reader to section 3.
Safe Streets and Communities Act, SC 2012, c 1.
For acts passed after the latest revised statutes, cite to the relevant annual volume. This act is published as chapter 1 of the 2012 Statutes of Canada.
British Columbia examples:
Sale of Goods Act, RSBC 1996, c 410, ss 33-37.
This act is published as chapter 410 of the 1996 Revised Statutes of British Columbia, and we are referring the reader to sections 33 though 37.
Wildfire Act, SBC 2004, c 31.
For acts passed after the latest revised statutes, cite to the relevant annual volume. This act is published as chapter 31 of the 2004 Statutes of British Columbia.
Use the official short title of the statute. If no short title is provided, use the full title found at the beginning of the statute.
Follow the capitalization of words in the title that you find in the statute.
Some statutes include a year in the title. Treat the year as part of the title (e.g., Budget Implementation Act, 2009).
Statutes are generally published in annual (formerly, sessional) statute volumes (S) and then revised statute volumes (RS). Use these same abbreviations (S and RS) for online versions of the statutes.
Follow the volume designation with the jurisdiction abbreviation (see McGill Guide, Appendix A-1 for a complete list).
SBC – Statutes of British Columbia
RSBC – Revised Statutes of British Columbia
SC – Statutes of Canada
RSC – Revised Statutes of Canada
Manitoba, Quebec, and Nova Scotia publish an official loose-leaf version of their statutes (use, respectively, CCSM, RSQ, and RSNS).
Year, Session, Supplement:
If you wish to refer to a particular section or part of a statute, you will need to let the reader know where to find it.
Canada Transportation Act, SC 1996, c 10, s 102.
Canada Transportation Act, SC 1996, c 10, ss 112, 117-119, 121.
Canada Transportation Act, SC 1996, c 10, Part III.
British Columbia examples:
Land Title Act, RSBC 1996, c 250, s 20.
Land Title Act, RSBC 1996, c 250, s 20-22.
Land Title Act, RSBC 1996, c 250, Part 3.
Use the current titles of constitutional statutes, unless you are referring to an historical version of the statute. If a constitutional statute was enacted in another jurisdiction, such as the Canada Act 1982, use the citation form of the relevant jurisdiction (e.g., the United Kingdom). Some constitutional statutes are parts of other statutes and some are reprinted in modern statutes. Below are examples of some commonly cited constitutional statutes.
Constitution Act, 1867 (UK), 30 & 31 Vict, c 3, reprinted in RSC 1985, App II, No 5.
Canada Act 1982 (UK), c 11.
Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), c 11.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part 1 of the Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), c 11.
Constitution Act, RSBC 1996, c 66.
Number, Long title, Session, Legislature, year, pinpoint if relevant (additional information if relevant).
Provinces and Territories:
Number, Long Title, Session, Legislature, Jurisdiction, year, pinpoint if relevant (additional information if relevant).
Bill C-38, An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 29, 2012 and other measures, 1st Sess, 41st Parl, 2012, cl 52 (as passed by the House of Commons 18 June 2012).
Bill 22, Family Law Statutes Amendment Act, 2010, 3rd Sess, 27th Leg, Alberta, 2010.
Bill 53, Family Day Act, 4th Sess, 39th Parl, British Columbia, 2012 (assented to 31 May 2012), SBC 2012, c 24.
Federal regulations have been revised just once, in 1978, in a set of books called Consolidated Regulations of Canada (CRC).
General format for the Consolidated Regulations of Canada:
Title, CRC, chapter, pinpoint (year - optional).
Examples for the Consolidated Regulations of Canada:
All of the following examples are acceptable. Only use a pinpoint reference if you are referring to a specific section or sections.
National Park Signs Regulations, CRC, c 1130, s 12 (1978).
National Park Signs Regulations, CRC, c 1130, s 12.
National Park Signs Regulations, CRC, c 1130.
Federal regulations not found in the Consolidated Regulations of Canada are published in Part II of the Canada Gazette. These regulations are given an SOR number. SOR stands for Statutory Orders and Regulations. For the year, use all four digits (e.g., 2012) from 2000 onwards; for earlier years, use the last two digits (e.g., 99 for the year 1999).
General format for regulations published in the Canada Gazette, Part II:
Title (optional), SOR/year-regulation number, pinpoint if relevant.
Examples for regulations published in the Canada Gazette, Part II:
Safe Containers Convention Regulations, SOR/82-1038.
Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, SOR/2002-156.
Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, SOR/2002-156, ss 35-43.
Title (optional), Jurisdiction Reg number/year, pinpoint if relevant.
BC Reg 10/2011.
Jury Regulation, BC Reg 282/95.
School Regulation, BC Reg 387/2007, s 4.