Before a federal/provincial proposed bill is introduced, a policy decision has been made that legislation is necessary. This may be by way of new legislation or an amendment to existing legislation.
A policy decision may come about in different ways, including:
Once the policy decision has been made, the sponsoring Minister prepares a submission to Cabinet, advocating the introduction of a Bill. Once Cabinet gives approval, the Bill is drafted by Legislative Counsel.
Before a provincial Bill becomes an Act and effective law, it must pass three Readings in the Legislature.
As soon as a Bill receives Royal Assent, it becomes an Act and is assigned a chapter number for inclusion in the Statutes volumes. Once a Bill has become an Act, it should no longer be referred to by Bill number.
BC's legislative process is explained in:
Nash, Legislation Made Easy, 3d ed.
LAW LIBRARY reference room & KOERNER LIBRARY reference: JL430 .N37 2010
- See Progress of Bills (Acts) and Progress of Regulations.
A federal Bill's origin is indicated by the letter prefix in front of the Bill number: C- (House of Commons Bill) or S- (Senate bill).
For further explanation there is an excellent guide to the federal Legislative Process.