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Ukrainians first came to Canada in the 19th century. The initial influx came as the Canadian government promoted the immigration of farmers.

During the First World War, thousands of Ukrainian Canadians were imprisoned as enemy aliens due to their origins in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

According to 2016 census, Ukrainian Canadians number 1,359,655 or 3.8 per cent of the country's population and are mainly Canadian-born citizens. 

- From Ukrainian Canadians, Canadian Encyclopedia.

View the 2016 Census Data.
2021 Census data for ethnocultural and religious diversity to be released October 26, 2022.



   Ewanchuk, M. (1995). Reflections and reminiscences: Ukrainians in Canada, 1892-1992. M. Ewanchuk.

 Foster, K. A. (1926). Our Canadian Mosaic. doi:


     Fujiwara, A. (2012;2014;). Ethnic elites and Canadian identity: Japanese, Ukrainians, and Scots, 1919-1971. University of Manitoba Press.

   Kordan, B. S., Mahovsky, C. (2004). A bare and impolitic right: Internment and Ukrainian-Canadian redress. McGill-Queen's University Press.

     Lehr, J. C. (2011;2014;). Community and frontier: A Ukrainian settlement in the Canadian parkland. University of Manitoba Press.


 Marunchak, M. H. (1982). The Ukrainian Canadians: A history (2nd supplement and reprint with corrections. ed.). Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences (UVAN) in Canada.  UBC Okanagan Library; Koerner Library.

   Semchuk, S. The stories were not told: Canada's first world war internment camps (First ed.). University of Alberta Press.

Archives and Organizations

Ukrainian. Library and Archives Canada. Information about  LAC holdings plus links to major collections elsewhere.

Ukrainian Canadian Congress. "Represents the Ukrainian Canadian community before the people and government of Canada."

Ukrainian Folklife Archive. (University of Alberta)  Mandate is to document, preserve, and study Ukrainian vernacular culture in Ukraine, Canada, and around the world.