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American Chemical Society (ACS) Citation Style Guide

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GENERAL FORMAT

Author 1; Author 2; …; Author 10; et al. Title of the Article. Journal Title Abbreviation year of publicationvolume number (issue number), page range. DOI: number


The following are some things to remember when citing journal articles using ACS:

  • If the journal's title is not listed in CASSI in order to find an abbreviation, then no abbreviation is used. 
  • You may need to use an article number instead of page numbers
  • Always list the DOI for the resource
  • Omit the issue number if it is not available 
  • Pay attention to where you retrieved the article - via a publisher database or an aggregator database - as the reference will look different
  • Conference proceedings that are published as part of an issue in a journal are to be cited the same way as a journal article

(for more, see section 4.3.5.2: Periodicals in the ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication)

Journal Article with Less than 10 Authors

EXAMPLE

Pan, X. J.; Kadla, J. F.; Ehara, K.; Gilke, N.; Saddler, J. N. Organosolv Ethanol Lignin from Hybrid Poplar as a Radical Scavenger: Relationship Between Lignin Structure, Extraction Conditions, and Antioxidant Activity. J. Agric. Food Chem. 200654 (16), 5806-5813. DOI: 10.1021/jf0605392

Journal Article with 10+ Authors

When citing an article with 10 or more authors, you'll be listing the first 10 authors names and then indicating et al. to represent that there are additional authors. 

EXAMPLE

Jiang, Y.; Wang, Z. X.; Xu, C. X.; Li, W. X.; Li, Y.; Huang, S. S.; Chen, Z. W.; Zhao, B.; Sun, X. L.; Wilkinson, D. P.; et al. Atomic Layer Deposition for Improved Lithiophilicity and Solid Electrolyte Interface Stability During Lithium Plating. Energy Storage Materials 202028, 17-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.ensm.2020.01.019

**This is an example of where the journal title is not available in the CASSI journal abbreviation system, thus it is listed as a full journal title. 

Journal Article with a One-Word Journal Title

With single word journals, you do not need to abbreviate the journal title. 

EXAMPLE

Steinke, T.; Shaw, B. K.; Jong, H.; Patrick, B. O.; Fryuk, M. D. Synthesis and Coordination Chemistry of a Tridentate o-Phenylene-Bridged Diphosphine-NHC System. Organometallics 200928 (9), 2830-2836. DOI: 10.1021/om9000764

Journal Article with an Article Number

EXAMPLE

Weiler, M.; McGlynn, B. L.; McGuire, K. J.; McDonnell, J. J. How Does Rainfall Become Runoff? A Combined Tracer and Runoff Transfer Function Approach. Water Resour. Res. 200339 (11), 1315. DOI: 10.1029/2003WR002331