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Two-Spirit & Indigiqueer Studies


Two-Spirit History Made!

September, 18, 2016, the First Nation communities, Tsleil-Waututh, Squamish and Musqueam Nations, jointly hosted a #Two-Spirit Gathering on the traditional and unceded territory of the Tsleil-Waututh Nation located in what is now called North Vancouver, BC.

Coast Sailish Two-Spirit Pride Banner

June 4, 2019 Coast Sailish Two-Spirit Pride banner was recently unveiled at the UBC AMS Nest.

Two spirits, one struggle: The front lines of being First Nations and gay

Vancouver fashion designer Tyler-Alan Jacobs is one of hundreds of Vancouverites who identify as two-spirit – a First Nations term for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and other-gender identities.

For first time ever, Musqueam, Squamish, Tsleil-Waututh will all have floats in Vancouver’s Pride Parade

2018 marked the first time Squamish, Musqueam and Tsleil-Waututh nations had their own floats in Vancouver's Pride Parade.



Creates an inclusive leadership summer camp experience for queer, trans, Two-Spirit, and allied youth ages 14-21 from across BC and the Yukon.

Indigenous Brilliance Series

The series grew out of the shared desire oMassy Books owner Patricia Massy and Room Magazine editorial board members Jónína Kirton and Jessica Johns to raise the voices of Indigenous women, Two Spirit and queer writers. 

Vertical Files

X̱wi7x̱wa Library Guide

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Xwi7xwa Library
1985 West Mall, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z2

Two-Spirit & Indigenous Queer Studies Research Guide QR Code


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Getting Started

Two-Spirit and Indigiqueer Studies is an interdisciplinary field grounded in the languages, cultures, histories, geographies, identities and contemporary experiences of Indigenous peoples in relation to gender and sexual expression.

The term "Two-Spirit" (also stylized as: two spirit, two spirited, Two-Spirit, Two-Spirited or 2Spirit) is a pan-Indigenous term coined in 1990 at the third annual international LGBT Native American gathering in Winnipeg. Originally, Elder Myra Laramee shared the name "Two-Spirit" and it was quickly adopted to replace outdated, offensive language and to distinguish the experience of Indigenous peoples from non-Indigenous peoples. (Source:

Generally Two-Spirit is not a term used interchangeably to refer to Indigenous LGBTQIA+ or Indigiqueer experiences, although these identities may be closely connected for many people. Ceremonial and traditional cultural roles are frequently and exclusively associated with Two-spirit people. Two-Spirit and Indigiqueer work may (or may not) intersect with critical approaches such as decolonization and feminism. 

For more information on Two-Spirit history & people see August 4, 2020 ‘TWO-SPIRIT’ Turns 30!! by Harlan Pruden (August 3, 2020). Pruden also has some Two-Spirit terms you can find here:


Featured Resources


Room 2112 in AMS Student Nest 

Out on the Shelves is a non-profit, LGBT2QIA+ community library built and cared for by volunteers, librarians, and librarians-in-training who are committed to anti-oppressive social justice work. Although we are located on UBC's West Point Grey campus, we are not officially affiliated with UBC or its libraries. Library cards are FREE!