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Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG)


Enter general keywords.

TIP: Limit your results to journal articles by selecting Content Type: Journal Article (under "Refine Your Search" on the left-hand side of the screen). You can also filter by publication date, academic discipline, and language; limit your result to peer reviewed publications; and exclude certain formats (e.g. newspapers) from your results.

TIP: Use quotation marks to search for a phrase (e.g. "First Nations"). Use an asterisk to truncate a term to search for words with the same stem (e.g. Curric* retrieves Curriculum, Curricula, Curricular, etc.).

Keyword Searches for Articles in Summon

To search for  articles in Summon, refine your search through the left side bar and select the journal articles option. The search can be limited more through excluding other facets when "More" is pressed underneath the "Content Type" section.

Combine keywords relating to the concept of Indigenous identity AND keywords about Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. For example:

  • "First Nations"
  • Indigenous
  • Aboriginal
  • Indian
  • "Indians of North America"
  • Native
  • Inuit
  • Métis
  • Musqueam (or any nation)


  • "Human Trafficking"
  • "Domestic Violence"
  • "Indigenous Women"
  • "Sexual Abuse"
  • "Matriate" or "Rematriate"
  • “MMIW National Inquiry”
  • "Sisters in Spirit"
  • "Stolen Sisters"
  • "Missing women"
  • Genocide
  • "Violence Against Women"
  • Prostitution
  • "Missing and Murdered Indigenous women"
  • “MMIW Commission*”
  • "Highway of Tears"

Helpful Hints for Keyword Searches

  • Use quotation marks to search for a phrase.
    Example: "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women"
  • Use a question mark or asterik to truncate a term to search for words with the same stem.
    crim? or crim* retrieves crime, crimes, criminal, and criminology

To search for articles that specifically mention MMIWG, use: 

(MMIWG OR  OR "Missing and murdered indigenous women and girls" OR "Missing and murdered aboriginal women and girls")


To search for articles about violence and crimes against indigenous women in Canada, use: 

(Indigenous OR OR "first nations" OR Inuit OR Métis or Aboriginal) 

AND (women OR woman OR girl* OR female*)

AND (murder* OR violen* OR traffic* OR abuse OR missing OR crime* OR exploitation OR "human trafficking")

Why Databases?

Searching within databases can be more time consuming than using Summon, but there are advantages to this research strategy: 

  • Databases are usually limited by academic discipline, which means you'll retrieve fewer results but they may be more relevant.
  • Databases are highly structured, which means you can perform complex searches using controlled vocabulary.

The following databases are useful for finding articles related to the Indian Residential School System in Canada. For a more comprehensive list, see the Articles page of our First Nations and Indigenous Studies research guide.


Terminology Guides

"If you are unsure about names and terms, ask the Aboriginal people you’re reporting on which term they prefer." (From Reporting in Indigenous Communities).