The term knowledge organization systems is intended to encompass all types of schemes for organizing information and promoting knowledge management. Knowledge organization systems include classification schemes that organize materials at a general level (such as books on a shelf), subject headings that provide more detailed access, and authority files that control variant versions of key information (such as geographic names and personal names). They also include less-traditional schemes, such as semantic networks and ontologies. Because knowledge organization systems are mechanisms for organizing information, they are at the heart of every library, museum, and archive.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 162 national standards bodies.
The ISO Standards provide specifications for products, services and systems, to ensure quality, safety and efficiency. These standards are used in many of the courses related to archival studies and records management.
To learn how to find ISO Standards at UBC Library, go to the ISO Standards Guide.