Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MLA 8th Edition Citation Style Guide

MLA 9th Edition Coming Soon!

Quick Overview

REMEMBER

"Works in media such as film and television are usually produced by many people playing various roles. If your discussion of such a work focuses on the contribution of a particular - say, the performance of an actor of the ideas of the screenwriter - begin the entry with his or her name, followed by a descriptive label."

Ackles, Jensen, performer. Supernatural. Kripke Enterprises, 2005-2020.

Kripke, Eric, creator. Supernatural. Kripke Enterprises, 2005-2020.

"If you are writing about a film or television series without focusing on an individual's contribution, begin with the title. You can include information about the director and other key participants in the position of the other contributors."

Supernatural. Created by Erik Kripke, performances by Jensen Ackles and Jared Padalecki, Kripke Enterprises, 2005-2020.

- (MLA, 24). 

Streaming video (such as YouTube)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name or Initial (if available). “Title.” Internet Site, Publisher (if applicable), Publication Date, Location (URL).

Example:

Grekul, Lisa. “Relevance of Literature.” UBC’s Next Big Thing, YouTube, Media Centre UBC Okanagan, March 2016, www.youtube.com/ watcch?v =PjHrUKKU04.

In-text citation: (Grekul)

Audio club (such as a podcast): Retrieved from the internet

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name or Initial (if available). “Title.” Internet Site. Publisher (if applicable), Publication Date, Location (URL).

Example:

“New Eco Books: Feature Interviews with Margaret Atwood.” Alternatives Environmental Ideas and Action. 4 June 2010, rabble.ca/ sites/rabble/files/audio/MA%20feature%20interview%2045m05.mp3.

In-text citation: (“New”)

Film or video

Writing about a film in general:

Format:

Title of film. Other contributors (if applicable), Distributor, Date of Release.

Example:

Hamlet.  Directed by Franco Zeffirelli, performance by Mel Gibson, Warner Bros, 1990.

In text citation: (Hamlet)


Focusing on contribution of person:

Format:

Title of film. Other contributors (if applicable), Distributor, Date of Release.

Example:

Gibson, Mel, performer.  Hamlet.  Warner Bros, 1990.

In-text citation: (Gibson)

Visual Art

Image retrieved from the internet:

Format:

Creator's Last Name, First Name or Initial. Title of Work. Internet Site, Publication Date, Location (URL). Date of Access.

Example:

Lee, John S. Y.  Globe Theatre, London. Flickr, 30 May 2009, www.flickr.com/photos/johnsylee/3580043416. Accessed 2 May 2016.

In-text citation: (Lee)

Image retrieved from a database:

Format:

Creator's Last Name, First Name or Initial. Title of Work. Title of Database, Publication Date, Location (URL).

Example:

Monet, Claude. The Haystacks, End of Summer, Giverny. ARTstor, 1891, http://library.artstor.org/library /iv2.html?parent=true.

In-text citation: (Monet)

Image retrieved from a web site:

Format:

Creator's Last Name, First Name or Initial (if available). Title of Work. Internet Site, Publication Date, Location (URL). Date of Access.

Example:

Blake, William. A Prophecy. The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1794. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47db-b620-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99. Accessed 23 August 2016.

In-text citation: (Blake)

Image exhibited in gallery:

Format:

Creator's Last Name, First Name or Initial (if available). Title of Work. Publication Date, Location (Name of Gallery).

Example:

Johnston, Byron, and Bryan Ryley. Here and There II. 2006, U of British Columbia FINA Gallery.

In-text citation: (Johnston and Ryley)