The aim of this guide is to act as a finding aid to Canadian international and interprovincial trade statistics. For a guide to finding other types of Canadian statistics see the UBC Library Guide to Statistics Canada. What are trade statistics? Trade statistics include information such as: import & export figures: According to Statistics Canada, imports refer to "goods or services brought into a country from another country," while exports refer to "goods or services sent out from a country to another country." balance of trade: This is "the difference between the value of the goods and services that a country exports and the value of the goods and services that it imports." trade surpluses: Occur "when a country's exports exceed its imports." trade deficits: Occur "when a country's imports exceed its exports." balance of payments: These are "a statistical statement of a country's credit and debit transactions with other countries. It includes transactions covering goods and services and capital transactions such as capital transfers." Why are trade statistics important resources? Trade statistics are a key economic indicator revealing the overall strength or weakness of the economy. They reveal trends over time - providing you with a means of analyzing and projecting change. They can reflect changes for the better or worse in the relationships between Canada and its trading partners. They provide one of the bases on which government makes key policy decisions, such as setting import duties; export quotas; establishing embargoes and/or stimulus programs.